How Options Can Lower Risk


Options primer

Put options give the right to sell an asset at a specific price for a specified length of time. If the asset's value falls, the buyer has the option to exercise or sell the contract in the market more frequently. If the underlying assets' price rises beyond the option strike price, it expires worthless, but the investor is safe from any downside risk.

A call option gives the buyer the right to buy the assets at a price up to a specific date. It's a bullish bet and protection against missing out on a significant market surge. A call will become worthless if the market is stagnant or declining, and the premium paid for it will be lost if the market rises above the strike price.

Selling options to others (or writing them) is the flip side of purchasing them. Writing options may be dangerous. Check here for more info!

Risk management

For many investors, options are valuable instruments for managing risk. They protect you from a stock market decline. If an investor is worried that their LMN Corporation stock price will fall, they can buy puts on which they have the right to sell the stock at the strike price, regardless of how low the market price drops before expiration. The investor has hedged against losses below the strike price by purchasing an option with a lower premium. This is also referred to as put-hedging in the case of this type of option strategy.

Buy/sell options

All investments have some inherent risk, which means options can't protect investors from losing money. Returns are never guaranteed. Investors that use options to control risk seek methods to minimize possible loss. An investor may choose to purchase options, as the downside is limited to the premium paid for the premium. 

In exchange, they get the right to buy or sell the underlying security at a fair price. They can also profit from increased options premiums if they decide to sell them back to the market rather than exercise them. The danger associated with certain short positions may be higher when writers of options are compelled to buy or sell stock at an unfavourable price.

Hedge existing portfolio

Options are one of the most popular ways to hedge your existing portfolio. While options provide a safety net, they aren't risk-free. Because transactions usually occur in the short term, traders can realize profits rapidly. Gains and losses can happen as quickly as they do. It's critical to understand the risks involved with buying, writing, and trading options before integrating them into your portfolio.

Options are a type of derivative that allows investors to wager on the direction of the underlying security. Investors may hedge their losses or leverage their gains by using options. Even if the share price fell just 10%, you would lose money because you sold the shares and incurred a loss when the share price dropped. Despite this loss, short-sellers (those who bet that share prices will drop) made out like bandits owing to their greater risk exposure.


Another adverse event for investors who buy or hold is called volatility - when a company's results come in far from what was expected. These "misses" are when investors feel the most pain, even when the price only moves slightly. One way to combat these adverse effects is with options. 

Using options, an investor can establish a bullish or bearish position without worrying about shorting and can use their shares as collateral to buy more shares than they could in cash. It also means you don't have to deal with margin calls - fees companies charge when an account has gone below required levels due to market volatility (e.g. margin call = your broker requires you to add money or sell something after the price of your stocks drops far enough).