Land Pollution & Air Pollution

Soil contamination is a type of land pollution in which the soil's upper layer is harmed. Overuse of chemical fertilisers, soil erosion caused by flowing water, and other pest management practises contribute to the loss of agricultural land, forest cover, and grazing pastures, among other things.

Poor handling of hazardous products, unintentional mishaps, and even natural disasters such as floods and hurricanes can all contribute to land pollution. Contaminated sites in both urban and rural settings, as well as inadequate soil management, contribute to the contamination of varied landscapes.

Air pollution is a sort of pollution that affects the air and is typically generated by smoke or other toxic gases, primarily carbon, sulphur, and nitrogen oxides. To put it another way, air pollution is the contamination of air caused by the presence or entry of a poisonous material. The chief sources of human-made air pollution include vehicle emissions, fuel oils and natural gas used to heat houses, by-products of manufacturing and electricity generation, particularly coal-fueled power plants, and odours from chemical production.

Land Pollution Effects

Animals are compelled to change habitats and adapt to new conditions when land degradation and soil erosion worsen. As a result, certain species are in danger of becoming extinct. Breathing problems, birth deformities, skin ailments, and cancer are all possible repercussions of soil contamination on human health. Hazardous chemicals can enter the soil and water due to other types of soil contamination such as mining, agriculture and factories. These chemicals can kill animals and plants, disrupting the food chain. Landfills emit methane, which causes the greenhouse effect, which can lead to global warming.

The main causes of Land Pollution are listed below.

1.    Unreasonable Agricultural and Farming Activities.

2.    Unloading Of Non-Biodegradable Trash.

3.    Mining and Extraction Activities.

4.    Squandered Generated From Industrial Activities.

5.    Development Related Activities.

6.    Unloading Of Nuclear Waste.

7.    Deforestation For Developmental Activities.

8.    Rock and Dust From Unpaved Roads.

To lessen strong waste contamination ashore, we can reuse materials like fabric, plastic packs and glass in our home as opposed to discarding them. By reusing, we can diminish the measure of strong waste materials going to landfills and furthermore make a commitment toward saving normal assets.

Air Pollution Causes

Air pollution refers to physical, chemical or biological changes in the atmosphere. Air pollution by harmful gases, dust has seriously affected plants, animals and humans. An increase or decrease in the composition of these gases is harmful to existence. Air pollution is considered a major environmental risk factor for the incidence and progression of several diseases, including asthma, lung cancer, ventricular hypertrophy, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, psychiatric complications, autism, retinopathy, fetal growth, and low weight.

Our natural environment enables human life and our cultural environment helps define who we are. Therefore, our population and economic growth need to be environmentally sustainable. Pollution of all kinds has a huge impact on our environment, human life, animals, etc. As responsible citizens, we must take a step toward a better tomorrow. We must go hand in hand and fight this problem with various businesses.